Sweeteners made with stevia have a long history of use around the world, including in Japan and Paraguay, and are permitted for use in many countries including the U.S., Canada, European Union, Mexico, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, China, Russia, Australia, Argentina, New Zealand, Colombia, Peru, Paraguay, Uruguay, Brazil, Switzerland, Malaysia, Ghana, Turkey, Morocco, Nigeria and Israel.

Steviol glycosides, the components of the stevia plant of interest for their intense sweetness, are 200 to 300 times sweeter than sugar (sucrose). Studies on the safety, metabolism and intake of purified steviol glycosides have demonstrated their safety for all populations, including children and pregnant and nursing women. Steviol glycosides are extracted from stevia leaves using a process similar to that used for other natural flavorings, such as vanilla, spearmint and cinnamon.

The scientific and industry names used to refer to stevia sweeteners (steviol glycosides) used in Coca-Cola Company beverages include rebiana, stevia leaf extract, Rebaudioside A or Reb A. The name that appears on food and beverage labels depends on local regulations and can vary around the world.